Lion’s Mane

Lion’s Mane

Summary

In 2015 famed writer, Michael Pollan, wrote The Trip Treatment [1] about the medicinal effects of psychedelic mushrooms. While the psychedelic variety are becoming popularized with less stigma attached to them, many traditional cultures and nootropics users have been using medicinal mushrooms for many years. Lion’s mane mushroom is in a class of fungus used for improving general health and cognitive performance.

Lion’s mane mushroom is a promising supplement for combating symptoms of anxiety, can decrease feelings of depression [2], and can help prevent some aspects of cognitive decline [3]. The medicinal mushroom can also improve some aspects of neurogenesis and act as a neuroprotective compound [4].

The mushroom is also known to be an immune booster with healthy adults and those who are suffering from cancer [5]. While these studies are inconclusive and few, the preliminary evidence seems promising.

Beyond the brain benefits of lion’s mane, there are many other heart and cholesterol related enhancements, which make this a general health tonic in many traditional cultures.

Also Known As

Hericium erinaceus, Lion’s Mane, Monkey’s Head, Houtou (infrequent), Igelstachelbart, Pom Pom Blanc, Hedgehog Mushroom, Satyr’s Beard

Editors’ Thoughts on Lion’s Mane

I’ve never tried lion’s mane mushroom, but the popularity on nootropics communities is far greater than the research would suggest. I cannot guess why it is more popular in the community than is warranted based on the research, but if I had to then I would suggest it has something to do with the fact it is a medicinal mushroom with mood enhancing (or at least anxiety reducing) effects.

A lot of people swear by lion’s mane, but some people also have strong reactions that seem more intense. Perhaps this is a result of taking extracts rather than simply the medicinal mushroom itself.

Mansal Denton, Nootropedia Editor

LionsMane

Benefits of Lion’s Mane

The main cognitive benefits of lion’s mane seem to be related to anxiety, depression, and the prevention of cognitive decline (i.e: neuroprotection). The evidence is a bit lacking, but predominantly looks at anxiety and depression. In one 4 week study, doses of lion’s mane were given to 30 participants and found significant improvements in feelings of anxiety and depression [5].

Aside from anxiety, lion’s mane can improve the cognitive performance of those who are already in decline. A 16 week trial of 50 – 80 year olds showed improvements in their cognitive abilities with lion’s mane mushroom [6]. While this study shows some evidence of neuroprotection, it isn’t very convincing. More compelling evidence exists on the interactions within the brain, however.

For example, lion’s mane mushroom can increase the expression of nerve-growth factor (NGF) in some regions of the brain (such as the hippocampus, but not the cortex) [7]. This increase in NGF can support neurogenesis and general cognitive health. It may even be able to support the regrowth of neurons after injury, which has been replicated in a single rat study [8]. This doesn’t mean anyone with brain injuries will instantly recover, but it is a theoretical possibility.

How Does Lion’s Mane Mushroom Work?

Like many other medicinal mushrooms, lion’s mane is filled with bioactive compounds (usually called polysaccharides), which alter brain chemistry. These compounds can change things (such as mRNA expression), which have downstream effects like reducing anxiety, depression, or increasing NGF.

These same polysaccharides are responsible for stimulating the immune system, which can be so powerful they inhibit the metastasis of cancers by up to 66-69% [9].

Side Effects of Lion’s Mane Mushroom

Many of the side effects of lion’s mane mushroom are not documented in scientific journals or literature, but instead through the active and avid nootropics community. Some people complain of headaches from taking lion’s mane. Other people anecdotally report having increased heartbeat as well.

There are many confounding variables, but one case study in a 63 year old man found that 4 months of lion’s mane may have been to blame for respiratory failure [10]. However, this may have just been related to allergies. Attributing this to lion’s mane alone is not feasible.

Finally, some people claim lion’s mane side effects include itchy skin, but this may be a sign of increased nerve growth factor as opposed to any negative reaction [11]. Unless it is accompanied with other signs of allergies, this should not be a problem.

Lion’s Mane Dosage

Lion’s mane research is scarce and the dosage recommendations are guesswork. The human study that exists used a dose of 1,000 mg with 96% purity extract three times a day (total of 3,000 mg extract). This is considered to be an effective dose of lion’s mane.

A good place to start is 1,000 mg of lion’s mane extract.

How and Where to Buy Lion’s Mane Mushroom

When dealing with mushrooms and their extracts, it can be pretty difficult to find the right product. There may be lion’s mane mushroom for sale in your local grocery store as it is approved by the FDA, but that doesn’t mean you’ll get the best product there. Most are not standardized for optimal doses and the online marketplace is a much better place to go.

An important feature when you buy lion’s mane is to make sure that you have lion’s mane mushroom that is standardized to the right extract. Also, given the high volume of pesticides on many conventional products, it is best to find an organic solution if you can.

The Nammex company operates to provide organic lion’s mane extract for the safest product without pesticides. The partnership between Nammex and Nootropics Depot is why we recommend that you buy lion’s mane from them to ensure a high quality product at a reasonable price.

Selected Community Experiences

The taste isn’t that bad, a bit like marmite/vegemite really. The effects were very strong mental stimulation. Increase in mental alertness. I used it everyday for about a week, until half way through a game of tennis, my heartbeat wouldn’t slow down (tahcycardia) for the rest of the night.” [11] – se7endays

17th day of taking Lion’s Mane. I feel no noticeable results. In fact, I’m afraid it exacerbates some mood and sleep problems.” [12] – MrZeratul

References (Click to Expand)
  1. http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2015/02/09/trip-treatment
  2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20834180
  3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18844328
  4. http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/708ae68d64b17c52,0d49dda96a2a7147,504922782f5fa5ea.html
  5. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20834180
  6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18844328
  7. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18758067
  8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21941586
  9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23668749
  10. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14714963
  11. https://www.reddit.com/r/Nootropics/comments/1uy2ni/has_anyone_tried_lions_mane/
  12. https://www.reddit.com/r/Nootropics/comments/3haz94/doubting_lions_mane/
Other Scientific Resources (Click to Expand)
  1. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18758067
  2. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23510212
  3. http://www.ffcr.or.jp/zaidan/ffcrhome.nsf/7bd44c20b0dc562649256502001b65e9/c2765dde594a7331492568a2000af644/$FILE/175-10.pdf
  4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16141599
  5. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/003194229280127Z
  6. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18835171
  7. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040402006010362
  8. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0040403996016875
  9. http://agris.fao.org/agris-search/search/display.do?f=1995/GB/GB95049.xml;GB9417176
  10. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/001457939480172X
  11. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12776329
  12. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1368310
  13. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20380848
  14. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19809252
  15. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16458867
  16. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23000690
  17. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21716693
  18. http://www.mendeley.com/research/effects-cultivation-techniques-processing-antimicrobial-antioxidant-activities-hericium-erinaceus-bull-fr-pers-extracts
  19. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0040403900767608
  20. http://www.dl.begellhouse.com/journals/708ae68d64b17c52,0d49dda96a2a7147,504922782f5fa5ea.html
  21. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19661683
  22. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12675022
  23. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21383512
  24. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18844328
  25. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20834180
  26. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21941586
  27. http://www.begellhouse.com/journals/708ae68d64b17c52,0d49dda96a2a7147,6ce1a4f7295df1fb.html
  28. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15102010
  29. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20637576
  30. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0963996900001496
  31. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196978104001196

Author

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