Memory

Oxiracetam

Oxiracetam

Oxiracetam is a synthetic smart drug similar to piracetam with a minor structural change [1]. This change makes quite a difference in human trials because oxiracetam is considered a more powerful nootropic for preventing cognitive decline in elderly patients [2].…
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Aniracetam

Aniracetam

Last updated: April 4, 2017 Aniracetam is an analogue in the racetam family, which was developed after piracetam. Because aniracetam enters the bloodstream quickly [1], it is known as the more potent racetam that can improve memory, cognition as well as…
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Pramiracetam

Pramiracetam

Like most smart drugs in the racetam family, pramiracetam is known to improve memory formation and learning ability [1]. In contrast with some of the other racetams, pramiracetam has been tested on healthy adults instead of merely focusing on elderly…
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Phenylpiracetam

Phenylpiracetam

Last updated: May 16, 2017 A lack of scientific research stymies any strong recommendation of phenylpiracetam, but the evidence that does exist looks promising. One study showed phenylpiracetam is a cognitive enhancer to improve with general cognition and learning [1]. Beyond…
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Coluracetam

Coluracetam

It is popularized by the nootropic community as a way to increase memory formation and cognitive enhancement through a process called “high affinity choline uptake” (HACU) [1]. This is one of the most important features of coluracetam, which has gained…
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Citicoline

Citicoline

The CDP choline is a prodrug for choline and uridine. This is primarily useful for improving working memory and executive function [1], but many elderly use this compound to mitigate age related memory loss and neuronal decay [2]. Citicoline is…
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Piracetam

Piracetam

Last updated: April 10, 2017 One major study of verbal learning showed healthy individuals improve memory by 8.6% when using piracetam alone [5]. The drug is often combined with a choline source to provide synergistic effects and reduce the potential for…
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PRL-8-53

Last updated: March 15, 2017 One of the few studies that exists shows incredible promise for the drug, though obviously requires more analysis. In this study, supplementation of PRL-8-53 improved memory formation 87.5 – 105%. Those over the age of 30 saw…
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